How to Calculate LDL-Cholesterol Levels?
You can know the LDL-Cholesterol level in your blood either through a cholesterol level test or through a more accurate and detailed Lipid Profile. Here is how you can go about both of them:

Step 1: First things first you need to get prepared for the cholesterol level test or lipid profiling. This includes not eating anything at least 12 hours before the test is done. You can drink water in the meanwhile.

Step 2: If you are opting for a simple cholesterol level test, know that you will get to know about the level of total cholesterol in your blood, besides the triglycerides and HDL-Cholesterol levels. The amount measured would be indicated in terms of mg/dl (milligram/decaliter). Keep these figures handy for calculation of LDL-Cholesterol levels.

Step 3: If triglyceride levels in the test are below 400 mg/dl, you can use a simple equation to find out your LDL-Cholesterol level. If it is above that, you need to get a lipid profiling done under expert supervision.

Step 4: When the level of triglycerides is less than 400 mg/dl, then divide it by 5 and add it to the number for HDL-Cholesterol levels.

Step 5: Subtract this figure from that of the total Cholesterol in the blood. The resulting figure would give you the level of LDL-Cholesterol in your blood.

Step 6: Take the result and check with the following range to know exactly in which zone you fall.

1.    LDL-Cholesterol levels greater than 189 mg/dL (4.90 mmol/L) = Very high risk.
2.    160-189 mg/dL (4.15-4.90 mmol/L) = High risk.
3.    130-159 mg/dL (3.37-4.12 mmol/L) = Borderline high risk.
4.    100-129 mg/dL (2.59-3.34 mmol/L) =near optimal, above optimal level.
5.    LDL-Cholesterol level less than 100 mg/dL (2.59 mmol/L) = Optimal level (zero risk).

Step 7: Now that you know what the level of LDL-Cholesterol in your blood is; and the corresponding risk zone in which it falls; it is time to take precautionary steps. In order to formulate a systematic method to reduce blood cholesterol, it is better that you rely upon the services of your physician .He might advise you on either of the two methods:

1.    To reduce LDL-Cholesterol level through life style changes
This is brought about by reducing the amount of fat, trans-fat and cholesterol that you eat in your diet. At the same time, attempt is also made to increase the level of HDL-Cholesterol, the good cholesterol. Exercising regularly for half an hour is also emphasized upon.

2.    To reduce LDL through cholesterol lowering Drugs
The second method is based upon drugs like Niacin (water soluble Vitamin B) and Statins. These are prescribed in specified amounts and used to lower levels of LDL-Cholesterol in the blood.

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