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Cholesterol Health Issues

HDL, LDL and Triglycerides

Cholesterol is an essential wax-like, fatty substance found in our body cells. Being a fatty substance, this cholesterol is unable to merge with blood, which in turn is watery substance.

To be able to run through the bloodstream, cholesterol is packaged in particles known as lipoproteins. These lipoproteins are composed of fat on the inside and proteins on the outside. Lipoproteins are primarily classified into two basic categories: HDL and LDL. There is one genetic variation of LDL which is called as Lp(a). Thus, total cholesterol is measured by calculating HDL, LDL, besides triglycerides and Lp(a) cholesterol.

High Density Lipoproteins or HDL

High density lipoproteins are basically the good cholesterol for your body. HDL is known to remove excess cholesterol from various parts of the body. These lipoproteins transport cholesterol from other body parts to the liver. This liver ultimately disposes off the excess cholesterol in your body. Having a high HDL count always keeps you away from the risk of heart diseases, and coronary attacks. Ideally, the HDL level in the blood should fall anywhere between 40, to 60.

Low Density Lipoproteins or LDL

LDL is also known as bad cholesterol simply because of the fact that it works in a negative way for your body. Low density lipoproteins enable the deposition of cholesterol in your arteries also known as plaque. One should always be vigil about the LDL level in the blood as a high LDL level always puts you at risk to various heart diseases. A LDL level of below 100 is considered to be the optimal level of LDL in the body. However any figure exceeding 190 can be extremely dangerous.

Lp(a) Cholesterol
This is genetic variation of bad cholesterol or LDL. The premature development of fatty deposits in arteries is marked by increased Lp(a) levels.

Triglycerides

Triglycerides may not be essentially a kind of cholesterol but its extremely close association with the substance puts it as another cholesterol type. These Triglycerides are carried through the bloodstream by particles known as Very Low Density Lipoproteins or VLDLs. These Triglycerides are known to be responsible for coronary artery disease amidst women. They also lead to coronary attacks in obese and diabetic people. The Triglyceride level in the blood should usually be below 150.

High triglycerides generally refer to high total cholesterol levels that include both LDL and HDL.

Measuring total cholesterol

To know about the level of HDL, LDL and Triglycerides in your blood, you must conduct a timely measurement of your cholesterol level. Measurement of cholesterol is essential, but there are few precautions that you need to take.

Before measuring your cholesterol you should always make sure that you do not drink or eat anything nine to fourteen hours prior to the test. Certain medications can also show an apparent increase or decrease in your cholesterol levels. Always consult the doctor before cholesterol measurement in case you are under any kind of medication.

Some of the drugs that make increase your cholesterol measurements include Phenytoin, Vitamin D, Epinephrine, birth control pills, anabolic steroids amidst several others. Other medicines that may lead to a decrease in your cholesterol measurements include Captoporil, Isoniazid, Fibrates, Niacin, Nitrates, Erythromycin along with several others.