Cholesterol Treatment

Cholesterol Tests and Diagnosis- A Guide

All adults are recommended to have cholesterol tests after every five years. Generally, these tests reveal information related to triglycerides, HDL and LDL levels and thereby indicate individual's risk to heart diseases. There are different types of cholesterol tests that are conducted which focuses on various aspects of cholesterol. Some of them are:

* HDL (high density lipoprotein) cholesterol test -
The test helps you check cholesterol level in your blood. Also, you can check your risk for stroke or heart attack. It has been proven that higher the HDL level of an individual, the lower is their risk for coronary diseases.

HDL soaks the excessive cholesterol contained in the blood vessels walls. It then transports it to liver. In liver, the cholesterol is broken and finally removed from body in bile. HDL laboratory test basically refers to the cholesterol level in HDL and not HDL level in blood.

* LDL (low density lipoprotein) cholesterol test- This test is usually conducted as a division of lipid analysis. LDL is the bad cholesterol. So, a higher LDL level would indicate a higher risk for heart diseases as it causes blockage of arteries.

* Lipid Profile- Lipid profile includes cholesterol and triglyceride levels. This gives you the levels for LDL, HDL, VLDL, triglycerides and total cholesterol. Some additional blood tests might be conducted with these tests such as C-reactive protein (CRP).

Apart from these, Lipoprotein Analysis, Triglycerides tests and Total Cholesterol Test may also be conducted.

Being prepared for the test
However, for an accurate result of these cholesterol tests, there are a few precautions that must be observed. Firstly, you must not indulge in any exhaustive exercising from at least a day prior to the test. The next important thing is not to drink or eat anything from a minimum of 12 hours before the exam. In case the test results are not normal, it is necessary to take the second test in the time period that extends from 1 week to 2 months after the previous test.    

Home cholesterol test
There are cholesterol tests that can be conducted at home. For instance, CholesTrak Test may be done at home and can provide you results within 10 minutes. But it will only measure total cholesterol level. Another home test is BioSafe Cholesterol Panel Test. You may have to send it to laboratory for results but the results of this test are accurate and it also makes available the complete lipid profile.
Also, you must note that cholesterol tests should be conducted only when the person is completely healthy. This is because during illness the cholesterol level of the person is low for some time. So, it is better to wait for around 6 weeks after the illness to measure cholesterol levels. Similarly, even pregnant women also have high cholesterol levels. So, even they should get their cholesterol level checked after 6 weeks of the birth of the baby.