Cholesterol Health Issues

Related Conditions For High Cholesterol Sufferers


High cholesterol is a problem that brings along numerous health risks. Here is a look at some of the health conditions that you may have to deal with if you are suffering from high cholesterol.

Ischemia
Ischemia refers to a health condition that is characterized by the inability of the blood to reach various body organs and tissues. There is deficit of oxygen in areas where blood is unable to reach. This causes the death of various tissues.

Cholesterol is directly related to ischemia. When the cholesterol levels in the body increase, it begins to build up as plaque on the walls of the arteries. As this plaque continues to increase, it obstructs the flow of blood to the organs and tissues.

Peripheral Arterial disease
Peripheral Arterial Diseases, also known as PAD is a chronic condition that affects the arteries outside the head and the heart. Though PAD affects all the body parts, it is legs that are the most affected.

High cholesterol levels in the body lead to arthrosclerosis, which is also known as hardening of arteries. During the process of arthrosclerosis, several lipids along with cholesterol get deposited on the walls of the arteries, which eventually builds into plaque. This affects the arteries and also results in an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases.

Fatty streak
In simple words, a fatty streak refers to the beginning of arthrosclerosis on the inner surface of the arteries. Though these streaks do not block the flow of blood, they serve as warning for health conditions that may pose serious risk.

Fatty streaks usually comprise of small immune cells and macrophages. Cholesterol gets deposited between these macrophages, which gives them their foamy appearance. It is for this reason that fatty streak is also referred to as foamy cells on some occasions.

Alzheimer's disease
This may sound a little weird but there is a relationship between high cholesterol levels and Alzheimer's disease. A recent study has revealed that people who have cholesterol levels in the range of 221 to 248 mg/dL are at 1.25 times greater risk of developing the disease at a later stage in their life.

Memory loss
High cholesterol levels when coupled with low HDL levels can be responsible for memory less. Several studies and researches have proved that this can lead to dementia at a later stage in life. A recent study states that people with a high cholesterol level are 53 % more susceptible to having memory problems.

Many believe that the link between cholesterol and memory is due to HDL's ability to improve brain function. Some experts also state that cholesterol can affect the functioning of the brain through the link between LDL and strokes.

If you do not want to deal with any of these conditions then it is important that you learn to keep your cholesterol level in control.