Cholesterol Health Issues

Why High Cholesterol Poses Risks for Heart Disease?

High cholesterol in the bloodstream has been seen to increase your risk in contracting heart disease significantly. Inflammation of inner walls of artery is seen to play a significant role in this.

What happens when high cholesterol gets deposited in the blood vessels is that it gradually seeps into the walls of arteries. The white blood corpuscles consider the free cholesterol trying to enter the walls as a foreign object and therefore attack the cholesterol deposition in the form of plaque around the inner walls of arteries.

The attack causes inflammation in the inner walls and causes them to harden up. This hardening up is known as atherosclerosis. So much so that at some locations the plaque may disintegrate with white blood corpuscles attacking the plaque with even renewed vigor.

The disintegration causes the surrounding blood to clot. Normally blood cannot clot when inside blood vessels. However, the disintegration causes a disruption in the process which stops blood from clotting inside arteries.

With the circulation of blood, the clots too are transported through the already constricted arteries because of deposition of free cholesterol in them. The blood clots can in very constricted cross-sections even hamper the proper flow of blood. The obstruction not only makes the heart muscle work against higher load, but also makes less quantity of blood available to it.

When the heart muscle is starved of blood it gives rise to a heart attack. When blood clots hamper proper blood flow to the brain, a stroke is the result. Therefore, inflammation of the inner wall of arteries is the link that increases the risk of heart disease because of high cholesterol in the bloodstream.

Thus it is advised to keep a check on your blood cholesterol levels right from the young age. When you consume too fatty a food and work out less, the result is accumulation of fat in your body. This not only raises your bad cholesterol levels but reduces good cholesterol levels too. Besides it makes you prone to several other diseases such as hypertension and diabetes which further increases your chances of getting heart diseases.

High blood pressure also increases the risk towards heart disease as it straightaway puts more stress on your heart. The reason for this is that it tends to thicken the heart and increase its stiffness. Hypertension also combines with obesity, diabetes, and smoking in increasing the risk for a heart attack or a stroke even further. If you have a sedentary lifestyle, your risk towards heart disease increases multifold, because the muscles in your body lose flexibility.

Diabetes and overweight are significant risks indeed for coronary heart disease. More fat in the body makes the heart work more and overstresses it. Diabetes increases blood sugar and that harms your blood vessels and heart.

Heart disease is an inherently hereditary disease. Therefore, people whose ancestors have been prone to heart disease, carry a higher risk of contracting this illness. Race also plays its own role in heart disease. Caucasians are the least affected comparatively than are Hawaiians, Mexicans, American Indians, or African Americans.

Men are more prone to a heart attack than women in general. However, older women are found to succumb to a heart attack just within a few weeks after they have had it. Still, men are found to have a greater tendency towards heart attack than women.

The best way to stay away from high blood cholesterol is thus to test your cholesterol regularly and adopt healthy lifestyle habits .