Cholesterol Advice

A Complete Guide On LDL Cholesterol

LDL stands for Low Density Lipoproteins. It is also known as the bad cholesterol. Since it is bad, it must be kept under control to avoid various health problems.

What is LDL?
LDL is not a fat but a carrier of the fat or cholesterol. It is a package of protein and lipids. The fats produced by the liver cannot flow on its own in the blood. They are therefore carried by the proteins in combination. The proteins combined with the lipids are known as lipoproteins. There are two types of lipopropteins-- High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) and Low density Lipoprotein (LDL).

The LDL carries cholesterol from the liver to the sites of metabolism and the HDL carries back the unsynthesized fats to the liver for excretion. The liver sends the fats along with biles for partial digestion and excretion. The LDL before releasing cholesterol is actually known as VLDL or Very Low Density Lipoprotein. After releasing the protein, it becomes LDL.

Tests to check LDL cholesterol levels
The test to check the LDL cholesterol levels comprises of a simple blood test wherein the collected blood sample is sent to lab to gather reports.

Understanding LDL cholesterol levels

* Less than 100 mg/dL - Optimal
* 100 to 129 mg/dL - Near Optimal/ Above Optimal
* 130 to 159 mg/dL - Borderline High
* 160 to 189 mg/dL - High
* 190 mg/dL and above - Very High

Therefore, ideally LDL cholesterol levels should be less than 100mg/dL

Health risks associated with high LDL cholesterol levels
High LDL cholesterol could cause a lot of harm to your health. It poses various health risks.

* It could lead to artery blockages or hardening of the arteries.
* It could lead to peripheral artery diseases, blockages of other main arteries other than those connected to the heart.
* It also increases the risk of sudden stroke.
* It could also lead to clotting of the blood or thrombosis.

With these very dangerous associated health risks, it is always better to keep your LDL cholesterol levels under control.

How to reduce LDL cholesterol?
Reducing LDL cholesterol comprises of taking up the right lifestyle and dietary precautions. An active lifestyle along with the right kind of balanced diet goes a long way in keeping your LDL cholesterol levels under control. Regular exercise or physical workout too is a must for reducing the LDL level. Quit smoking and alcohol  and resort to mild fasting. All these measures together will keep your LDL cholesterol levels under control.