High Cholesterol

Relation between cholesterol and Coronary Artery Disease

There is definitely a relationship between levels of LDL cholesterol and Coronary Artery Disease, also known as Coronary Heart Disease (CHD).

A diet rich in saturated fats and trans fats increases the production of LDL cholesterol and deposit up of arterial plaque, a condition known as atherosclerosis.  This is a precursor to CHD. As a result of this build up of plaque, the coronary arteries are constricted and the blood supply to the heart is restricted.

Over a period of time, this arterial plaque and resultant constriction of the coronary artery may result in weakening of the heart muscle. As a result a person may experience angina or a heart attack.

Angina is a type of pain that occurs in the chest but can also occur in the back, shoulder, neck, arms or jaw. This pain is because insufficient blood supply to the heart. This is symptomatic pain that can occur periodically.

On the other hand a heart attack is an acute and life threatening situation where the blood supply to the heart stops. As a result the heart stops functioning. The stoppage of the blood supply is because of a blood clot or a constriction of space in the coronary artery.

High blood cholesterol is just one of the several risks that are associated with coronary artery disease.  Managing your cholesterol levels is very necessary to prevent coronary artery disease. You can prevent high cholesterol by eating foods that help to lower your cholesterol and by exercising. A sedentary lifestyle coupled with food rich in saturated and trans fats contribute to the risk of coronary artery disease.