Cholesterol Advice

HDL-Cholesterol Test

HDL stands for High-Density Lipoprotein. This is good type of Cholesterol which is extremely beneficial for your health. It helps to filter excess cholesterol from body tissue and transport them to the liver for expulsion. Thus HDL helps to keep the amount of dangerous cholesterol under check.

When is screening of HDL Cholesterol to be conducted?

Screening of HDL cholesterol is to be conducted when the initial screening for cholesterol in the bloodstream indicates too high a concentration. In such case, it is absolutely essential to know the real cause of such high levels of cholesterol in the blood.

How is the test supposed to be carried out?

Screening for HDL Cholesterol is something which can not be carried out individually. As a matter of fact, there are other types of cholesterol and triglycerides which are also there in the blood and which would also get indicated in the test. The only test which can give accurate details about all of them is a lipid profile.

For whom is the test to be especially conducted?

HDL Cholesterol test is to be especially conducted for the following types of people.

* Men who are above 45 years of age and women who are over 55.
* Those who excessively smoke cigarettes.
* People suffering from hypertension (whose blood pressure reading is 140/90 or higher and those who are taking medications for high blood pressure).
* Those who have already suffered from a heart attack or pre-existing heart disease or already having had a heart attack.
* Those who have a familial history of premature heart disease.
* People who are suffering from diabetes mellitus.

Indications of HDL Cholesterol test results

In a manner quite contrary to that of cholesterol in the body, HDL Cholesterol does not affect if its levels are higher in the blood. However, its lower levels in the blood stream can result in the development of heart-related ailments. Studies have shown that the following would occur:

* An increased risk of heart disease would be faced by those whose HDL-Cholesterol is less than 40 mg/dL (1.0 mmol/L) for men and less than 50 mg/dL (1.3 mmol/L) for women.
* An average risk of developing heart ailments is faced by those whose HDL-Cholesterol lies in between 40 to 50 mg/dL (1.0-1.3 mmol/L) for men and in between 50 to 59 mg/dl (1.3-1.5 mmol/L) for women.
* There is no risk of heart disease faced by those whose HDL-Cholesterol concentration is equal to or more than 60 mg/dL (1.55 mmol/L).

A word of caution before you undergo a lipid profile
In order to get accurate results from the test, it is essential that you fast for up to 12 hours before you get the lipid profiling done. This would allow the cholesterol levels in the blood stream to stabilize.